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One Percent Rule: Student Participation in Alternate Assessment

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) established a one percent threshold, statewide, on the number of students taking alternate assessments.

Under ESSA, state participation of students on the alternate assessment may not exceed 1% of the tested students on all assessments within each subject area (English language arts, mathematics, and science).  Based on the spring, 2018 state assessment data, Rhode Island anticipates that we will exceed the 1% cap on the spring 2019 state assessments.  States exceeding the 1% cap may submit a request for a waiver from the U.S. Department of Education; however, states must also develop a plan to work with districts to meet the 1% cap.  

The tabs below contain information for districts on understanding the 1% cap and what is required of both RIDE and each district exceeding the 1% threshold.

Understand the ESSA Requirements

Understand ESSA and the One Percent Rule

The November 19, 2018, webinar reviewed the ESSA requirements regarding the One Percent Rule. State participation of students on the alternate assessment may not exceed 1% of the tested students on all assessments within each subject area. Based on Spring 2018 state assessment data Rhode Island anticipates that the state will exceed the 1% cap on the spring 2019 state assessments. States exceeding the 1% cap may submit a request for a waiver from the US Department of Education, however states must also develop a plan to work with LEAs to meet the 1% cap. As part of this process, any LEA exceeding 1% participation in any subject must submit an action plan RIDE.

LEA Assessment Rate Data

LEA Assessment Rates: 2017-18

States are required to calculate the percentage of students who were assessed using the alternate assessments (DLM), by LEA, for each tested content area and grade level. Please note that 

NOTES:

  • Science is not included because the 2017-18 school year was a field test year for the new general education science assessment. It will be included in the 2018-19 calculations.
  • The formula for the calculations can be found in the presentation "One Percent Rule: 2018-19"
  • To find out which students are included in your LEA's cacluations, you will need the testing rosters for each assessment: DLM, RICAS, and SAT. 
  • Any students assessed in outplacement schools were used in your LEA's calculations.
  • No student scores or achievement data were included in the calculations.

Complete the LEA Assurances Form

LEA Assurances Form

As part of the process of creating a state waiver and an LEA action plan, any LEA exceeding 1% participation in any subject must submit an action plan to RIDE. If your LEA has exceeded the 1% cap for students being assessed using the Dynamic Learning Maps (DLM) alternate assessments in English language arts and/or mathematics, then you must sign and return the form below. The LEA's superintendent and special education director must sign and return the form as part of the process for creating an action plan.

  • LEA Assurances Form (PDF) NOTE: The date for returning the completed form has been extended to Wednesday, December 12, 2018.

Ensure that Parents/Guardians are Informed

Ensuring Families are Informed

Part of the ESSA and 1% requirements is for every LEA to ensure that families of students with disabilities who take alternate assessments be clearly informed of the following:

  • Their child’s academic progress towards achievement of the content standards in English language arts, mathematics, and science will be measured using the Essential Elements.
  • They understand the graduation options for their child. 
  • They have been informed of any other implications, including any effects of local policies on the student’s education, resulting from taking an alternate assessment.

While these IEP team assurances have been included as part of the process for determining eligibility for the alternate assessments for many years, it is important that the Participation Criteria for Alternate Assessments Form, be signed each year by a member of the IEP Team to confirm that the necessary discussions with the families happened.

Train IEP Teams

All LEAs, not just ones who exceed the one percent threshold, will be expected to train IEP Teams annually on ESSA and the one percent rule, the eligibility criteria, and the IEP Team Assurances Form. In order to assist LEAs with this task, an annotated presentation and other training opportunities will be listed below. Registration information will be posted here and sent out through the Commissioner's Field Memo and other relevant listservs.

Ensure Accurate Data, Ensure Accurate Calculations

To ensure accurate registration for state assessments and projections of the percent of students who will be assessed using the alternate assessments for the 2018-19 school year, LEAs should take the following actions:

  • Calculate percentage using LEA data. RIDE calculated the percentage of students assessed with the DLM alternate assessments using the data from our test vendors that includes students who participated in the state assessment program. LEAs should make their own calculations using their own enrollment data (from the Enrollment Census and the Special Education Census) in order to identify discrepancies. The webinar will explain how the one percent is determined so LEAs may replicate the calculations.
  • Review student information system information being transmitted to the Enrollment Census for ALL grade levels to ensure that all enrolled students have accurate information and are correctly enrolled to your LEA, including students attending outplacement schools within and outside of Rhode Island.
  • Review Special Education Census data to ensure the following number codes in the Assessment Accommodations section are correctly applied to all students:
    • 1 = without accommodation is only for students who will take RICAS, PSAT10, SAT, and NGSA.
    • 2 = with accommodations is only for students who will take RICAS, PSAT10, SAT, and NGSA with accommodations.
    • 3 = alternate assessment is only for students who will take DLM alternate assessments in ELA, mathematics, and science.
    • Grade level is accurate.

Develop and Submit an Action Plan

Details coming soon!

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